Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
172,929
16.3% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
29.4
3.92% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
20.2%
10.2% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$59,996
5.37% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$202,000
18.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
78,606
17.9% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL had a population of 173k people with a median age of 29.4 and a median household income of $59,996. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL declined from 206,583 to 172,929, a −16.3% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,939 to $59,996, a 5.37% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.8%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (12.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.49%), and White (Hispanic) (3.18%).

20% of the households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.2% of the residents in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (15,945 degrees awarded in 2022) and Parkland College (1,451 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was $202,000, and the homeownership rate was 50%.

Most people in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 15.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL is home to a population of 173k people, from which 90.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 14.7% of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL residents were born outside of the country (25.4k people).

In 2022, there were 4.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (109k people) in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 22.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (7,947 households), Spanish (7,154 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (2,493 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
84,545
Women
50.1%
84,100
Men
49.9%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 168,645 inhabitants, with 49.9% men, and 50.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

90.2%
2022 Citizenship
91.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.2% of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was 91.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    109k ± 811
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    23.9k ± 950
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    22.4k ± 456
6.41%
Hispanic Population
11.1k people

In 2022, there were 4.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (109k people) in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 22.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.41% of the people in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are hispanic (11.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. China
    4,871 ± 1,689 people
  2. India
    2,666 ± 1,258 people
  3. Korea
    1,668 ± 998 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was China, the natal country of 4,871 Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL residents, followed by India with 2,666 and Korea with 1,668.

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Foreign-Born Population

14.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
25.4k people
12.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
25.6k people

As of 2022, 14.7% of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL residents (25.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was 12.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    7,947 households (4.84%)
  2. Spanish
    7,154 households (4.36%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    2,493 households (1.52%)

20% of the households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese). 4.84% of the households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL reported speaking Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,911 ± 294
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,249 ± 281
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    942 ± 223

Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.53 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL employs 78.6k people. The largest industries in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (17,583 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,390 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,769 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($183,249), Software publishing ($106,956), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($104,576).

Males in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,420. The income inequality in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
47,328
Women
48.3%
50,592
Men
51.7%

The workforce of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL in 2020 was 97,920 people, with 48.3% woman, and 51.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

78.6k
2022 Value
−17.9%
1 Year decline
± −17.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL declined at a rate of −17.9%, from 95.8k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, are Postsecondary teachers (5,807 people), Cashiers (2,327 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,666 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

78.6k
2022 Value
−17.9%
1 Year decline
± −17.9%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL declined at a rate of −17.9%, from 95.8k employees to 78.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (17,583 people), Restaurants & Food Services (5,390 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,769 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, though some of these residents may live in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$44,282
Median earning men ± $2,539
$34,253
Median earning women ± $1,923

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($79,449), Construction ($63,503), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($58,610).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($63,750), Public Administration ($60,859), and Information ($49,047).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Illinois went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 57.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (40.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%).

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL awarded 17,396 degrees. The student population of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 33,566 male students and 29,036 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are White (7,686 and 55%), followed by Asian (2,674 and 19.1%), Hispanic or Latino (1,692 and 12.1%), and Black or African American (888 and 6.35%).

The largest universities in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL by number of degrees awarded are University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (15,945 and 91.7%) and Parkland College (1,451 and 8.34%).

The most popular majors in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL are General Business Administration & Management (1,307 and 7.51%), Computer Science (988 and 5.68%), and Other Management Sciences & Quantitative Methods (949 and 5.46%).

The median tuition cost in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL for a public four year colleges is $14,542 for in-state students and $35,122 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 44.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 28.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 62,602 (53.6% men and 46.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 62,602 students enrolled in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, 53.6% men and 46.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 24,640 records, of which 49.8% were women and 50.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 557 degrees awarded
  2. 353 degrees awarded
  3. 318 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was Other Research & Experimental Psychology with 557 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 15,945 degrees awarded
  2. 1,451 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign with 15,945 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 9,075 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL, which is 1.09 times more than the 8,321 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 7,686 degrees mean that there were 2.87 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 2,674 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($14,542) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($3,240) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.729% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.348% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL in 2022 were Some college (38.4k), High School or Equivalent (30.1k), and Bachelors Degree (27.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was $202,000 in 2022, which is 0.717 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $170,600 to $202,000, a 18.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL is 50%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL have an average commute time of 15.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL is $59,996. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was Cook County (Northeast)--Northfield & New Trier Townships PUMA, IL with a value of $149,789, followed by Lake County (Southeast)--Vernon, Moraine & West Deerfield Townships PUMA, IL and Lake County (Southwest)--Ela, Fremont, Wauconda & Cuba Townships PUMA, IL, with respective values of $149,702 and $130,927.

Property

$202,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,035
$34,651
Median Property Taxes
±$1,307

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50%
Homeownership
2022
62.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 50% of the housing units in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 53.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was Cook County (Northeast)--Northfield & New Trier Townships PUMA, IL with a value of $149,789, followed by Lake County (Southeast)--Vernon, Moraine & West Deerfield Townships PUMA, IL and Lake County (Southwest)--Ela, Fremont, Wauconda & Cuba Townships PUMA, IL, with respective values of $149,702 and $130,927.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,996
Median Household Income
± $1,623
69.3k
Number of Households
± 2,174

In 2022, the median household income of the 69.3k households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL grew to $59,996 from the previous year's value of $56,939.

The following chart displays the households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.482
2022 Wage GINI in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL
0.479
2021 Wage GINI in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL

In 2022, the income inequality in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.632% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (63.6%)
  2. Worked At Home (11.9%)
  3. Carpooled (8.51%)

In 2022, 63.6% of workers in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (11.9%) and those who carpooled to work (8.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

15.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL have a shorter commute time (15.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.791% of the workforce in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

20.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL (32.2k out of 159k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.4% of the population of Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL has health coverage, with 57.8% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 9.86% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 0.55% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Illinois see 1231 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1241 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1221 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 372 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
1,231 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Illinois

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,231 patients per year. This represents a 0.806% decrease from the previous year (1,241 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.4% under 18 years, 36.4% between 18 and 34 years, 29.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.3% were men and 50.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.59%
Uninsured
57.8%
Employer Coverage
13.9%
Medicaid
9.86%
Medicare
13.2%
Non-Group
0.55%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL declined by 3.05% from 4.73% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Champaign County (Southwest)--Champaign & Urbana Cities PUMA, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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