Columbia, MO

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
211,078
0.65% 1-year growth
US Senator
Josh Hawley
Republican Party
US Senator
Eric Schmitt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
32.7
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
17.2%
6.36% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$65,863
6.4% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$225,300
15.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
108,392
0.0148% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Columbia, MO had a population of 211k people with a median age of 32.7 and a median household income of $65,863. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbia, MO grew from 209,714 to 211,078, a 0.65% increase and its median household income grew from $61,901 to $65,863, a 6.4% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia, MO are White (Non-Hispanic) (78.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.66%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.38%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.15%), and White (Hispanic) (1.49%).

None of the households in Columbia, MO reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.4% of the residents in Columbia, MO are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia, MO are University of Missouri-Columbia (9,503 degrees awarded in 2022), Columbia College (177065) (2,294 degrees), and Central Methodist University-College of Graduate and Extended Studies (674 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Columbia, MO was $225,300, and the homeownership rate was 59.9%.

Most people in Columbia, MO drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia, MO was 2 cars per household.

Columbia, MO borders Jefferson City, MO, Mexico, MO, and Moberly, MO.

Population & Diversity

Columbia, MO is home to a population of 211k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.77% of Columbia, MO residents were born outside of the country (12.2k people).

In 2022, there were 9.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Columbia, MO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 18.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.4%
2022 Citizenship
96.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.4% of Columbia, MO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia, MO was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia, MO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia, MO
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    166k ± 660
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    18.3k ± 967
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    9.25k ± 1.13k
3.45%
Hispanic Population
7.28k people

In 2022, there were 9.09 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Columbia, MO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 18.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.25k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.45% of the people in Columbia, MO are hispanic (7.28k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia, MO as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Missouri.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    37,430 ± 4,735 people
  2. India
    22,246 ± 3,655 people
  3. China
    18,085 ± 3,297 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Missouri was Mexico, the natal country of 37,430 Missouri residents, followed by India with 22,246 and China with 18,085.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.77%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
12.2k people
5.69%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
11.9k people

As of 2022, 5.77% of Columbia, MO residents (12.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia, MO was 5.69%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia, MO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,296 ± 363
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,341 ± 414
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,265 ± 273

Columbia, MO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia, MO employs 108k people. The largest industries in Columbia, MO are Educational Services (18,978 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,990 people), and Retail Trade (10,957 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($98,759), Utilities ($67,950), and Finance & Insurance ($63,444).

Males in Missouri have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,490. The income inequality in Missouri (measured using the Gini index) is 0.455, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

108k
2022 Value
± 2,827
0.0148%
1 Year growth
± 3.67%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia, MO grew at a rate of 0.0148%, from 108k employees to 108k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia, MO, are Management Occupations (11,205 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (11,157 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (10,090 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia, MO.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Missouri (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

108k
2022 Value
± 2,827
0.0148%
1 Year growth
± 3.67%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia, MO grew at a rate of 0.0148%, from 108k employees to 108k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia, MO, are Educational Services (18,978 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (17,990 people), and Retail Trade (10,957 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia, MO, though some of these residents may live in Columbia, MO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,606
Median earning men ± $1,201
$35,382
Median earning women ± $1,017

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($77,791), Public Administration ($55,599), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($54,911).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,829), Public Administration ($47,115), and Manufacturing ($44,722).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.
Y-Axis
2.17%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.94M people employed in Missouri. This represents a 2.17% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Missouri.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,211
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,247
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,040
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Missouri went to Donald J. Trump with 56.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Josh Hawley and Eric Schmitt are the senators currently representing the state of Missouri. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Missouri is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Missouri

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.
Josh Hawley
Senator from Missouri1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Eric Schmitt
Senator from Missouri3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Josh Hawley and Eric Schmitt are the senators currently representing Missouri.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Missouri over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Missouri

Missouri is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Missouri have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Columbia, MO awarded 13,004 degrees. The student population of Columbia, MO in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 17,650 male students and 24,658 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia, MO are White (9,529 and 76.2%), followed by Black or African American (1,159 and 9.26%), Hispanic or Latino (751 and 6%), and Two or More Races (515 and 4.12%).

The largest universities in Columbia, MO by number of degrees awarded are University of Missouri-Columbia (9,503 and 73.1%), Columbia College (177065) (2,294 and 17.6%), and Central Methodist University-College of Graduate and Extended Studies (674 and 5.18%).

The most popular majors in Columbia, MO are General Business (1,261 and 9.7%), General Studies (652 and 5.01%), and Accounting (520 and 4%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia, MO are $18,363 for private four year colleges, and $10,452 and $30,441 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Columbia, MO, the percentage of applicants admitted was 79.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 30.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 42,308 (41.7% men and 58.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 42,308 students enrolled in Columbia, MO, 41.7% men and 58.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 31,049 records, of which 58.7% were women and 41.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 974 degrees awarded
  2. 441 degrees awarded
  3. 420 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia, MO was General Business with 974 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia, MO according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 9,503 degrees awarded
  2. 2,294 degrees awarded
  3. 674 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Missouri-Columbia with 9,503 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 4,991 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia, MO, which is 0.623 times less than the 8,013 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 9,529 degrees mean that there were 8.22 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,159 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($18,363) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,529) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.
Measure

In 2022, 0.699% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.592% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.48M), Some college (1.12M), and Bachelors Degree (864k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia, MO was $225,300 in 2022, which is 0.799 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $195,600 to $225,300, a 15.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia, MO is 59.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbia, MO have an average commute time of 19.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia, MO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia, MO is $65,863. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia, MO was St. Charles County, MO with a value of $99,596, followed by Platte County, MO and Lincoln County, MO, with respective values of $92,543 and $82,543.

Property

$225,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,996
$50,198
Median Property Taxes
±$1,631

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, MO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia, MO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

59.9%
Homeownership
2022
67.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 59.9% of the housing units in Columbia, MO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 60.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia, MO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia, MO was St. Charles County, MO with a value of $99,596, followed by Platte County, MO and Lincoln County, MO, with respective values of $92,543 and $82,543.

The following map shows all of the counties in Columbia, MO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$65,863
Median Household Income
± $1,668
83.7k
Number of Households
± 2,305

In 2022, the median household income of the 83.7k households in Columbia, MO grew to $65,863 from the previous year's value of $61,901.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, MO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia, MO is from Missouri.
0.455
2022 Wage GINI in Missouri
0.457
2021 Wage GINI in Missouri

In 2022, the income inequality in Missouri was 0.455 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.432% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Missouri was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Missouri in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Missouri across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.2%)
  2. Carpooled (9.22%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.54%)

In 2022, 77.2% of workers in Columbia, MO drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.22%) and those who worked at home (7.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

19.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia, MO have a shorter commute time (19.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.73% of the workforce in Columbia, MO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia, MO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, MO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia, MO have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia, MO (34.3k out of 199k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia, MO is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93% of the population of Columbia, MO has health coverage, with 58.2% on employee plans, 9.52% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 12.9% on non-group plans, and 1.76% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Missouri see 1405 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.2% decrease from the previous year (1422 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1650 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 457 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Missouri.
1,405 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Missouri

Primary care physicians in Missouri see an average of 1,405 patients per year. This represents a 1.2% decrease from the previous year (1,422 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Missouri in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.4% under 18 years, 31% between 18 and 34 years, 33.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.02%
Uninsured
58.2%
Employer Coverage
9.52%
Medicaid
10.7%
Medicare
12.9%
Non-Group
1.76%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia, MO declined by 8.17% from 7.64% to 7.02%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia, MO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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