Jefferson County, AL

County

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2022 Population
672,265
0.0424% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.9
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
15.9%
0.15% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$63,595
9.03% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$208,900
18.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
311,193
1.02% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Jefferson County, AL had a population of 672k people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $63,595. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Jefferson County, AL declined from 672,550 to 672,265, a −0.0424% decrease and its median household income grew from $58,330 to $63,595, a 9.03% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (48.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (42.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.02%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.74%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.55%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Jefferson County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (6,377 degrees awarded in 2022), Samford University (1,733 degrees), and Jefferson State Community College (1,652 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Jefferson County, AL was $208,900, and the homeownership rate was 64.1%.

Most people in Jefferson County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Population & Diversity

Jefferson County, AL is home to a population of 672k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.92% of Jefferson County, AL residents were born outside of the country (26.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (329k people) in Jefferson County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 286k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2022 Citizenship
97.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.5% of Jefferson County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, AL was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    329k ± 519
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    286k ± 1.63k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    13.6k ± 1.53k
4.16%
Hispanic Population
28k people

In 2022, there were 1.15 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (329k people) in Jefferson County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 286k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.6k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.16% of the people in Jefferson County, AL are hispanic (28k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.92%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
26.3k people
3.77%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
25.3k people

As of 2022, 3.92% of Jefferson County, AL residents (26.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, AL was 3.77%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    11,092 ± 758
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    7,566 ± 845
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,188 ± 650

Jefferson County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.47 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, AL employs 311k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,860 people), Retail Trade (34,019 people), and Manufacturing (28,853 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($88,456), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($82,742), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($81,458).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

311k
2022 Value
± 5,149
1.02%
1 Year growth
± 2.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, AL grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 308k employees to 311k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,690 people), Management Occupations (31,175 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (30,764 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

311k
2022 Value
± 5,149
1.02%
1 Year growth
± 2.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Jefferson County, AL grew at a rate of 1.02%, from 308k employees to 311k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (51,860 people), Retail Trade (34,019 people), and Manufacturing (28,853 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$51,252
Median earning men ± $921
$37,473
Median earning women ± $1,105

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($90,816), Public Administration ($68,077), and Information ($66,071).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($56,515), Information ($54,351), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,141).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 6,739
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,954
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 3,644
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, AL went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 55.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (42.6%), followed by Other (1.63%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Jefferson County, AL awarded 11,743 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 15,413 male students and 28,130 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, AL are White (6,999 and 61.6%), followed by Black or African American (2,851 and 25.1%), Asian (500 and 4.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (454 and 3.99%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (6,377 and 54.3%), Samford University (1,733 and 14.8%), and Jefferson State Community College (1,652 and 14.1%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, AL are Registered Nursing (1,367 and 11.6%), General Studies (606 and 5.16%), and General Business Administration & Management (580 and 4.94%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, AL are $15,910 for private four year colleges, and $8,832 and $21,216 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Jefferson County, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 80.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 25.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 43,543 (35.4% men and 64.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 43,543 students enrolled in Jefferson County, AL, 35.4% men and 64.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 22,632 records, of which 62.9% were women and 37.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 484 degrees awarded
  2. 296 degrees awarded
  3. 222 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, AL was Registered Nursing with 484 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,377 degrees awarded
  2. 1,733 degrees awarded
  3. 1,652 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 6,377 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 4,083 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, AL, which is 0.533 times less than the 7,660 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 6,999 degrees mean that there were 2.45 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,851 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($15,910) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,926) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, AL was $208,900 in 2022, which is 0.741 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $176,900 to $208,900, a 18.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, AL is 64.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Jefferson County, AL have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, AL is $63,595. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, AL was Census Tract 129.05 with a value of $195,313, followed by Census Tract 107.03 and Census Tract 108.04, with respective values of $195,000 and $193,661.

In 2022, 16% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.3%.

Property

$208,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,864
$170,356
Median Property Taxes
±$3,385

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.1%
Homeownership
2022
68.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.1% of the housing units in Jefferson County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 129.05
  2. Census Tract 107.03
  3. Census Tract 108.04

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, AL was Census Tract 129.05 with a value of $195,313, followed by Census Tract 107.03 and Census Tract 108.04, with respective values of $195,000 and $193,661.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,595
Median Household Income
± $1,305
266k
Number of Households
± 4,469

In 2022, the median household income of the 266k households in Jefferson County, AL grew to $63,595 from the previous year's value of $58,330.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.7%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.63%)
  3. Carpooled (8.38%)

In 2022, 79.7% of workers in Jefferson County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.63%) and those who carpooled to work (8.38%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, AL have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.71% of the workforce in Jefferson County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 16% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.3%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, AL (104k out of 655k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 20.1% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 7.5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 873 in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 175 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

91% of the population of Jefferson County, AL has health coverage, with 48.4% on employee plans, 16.5% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 1.6% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AL see 891 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (920 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1103 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 475 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.3% were men and 53.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

891 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, AL

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AL see an average of 891 patients per year. This represents a 3.15% decrease from the previous year (920 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.4% under 18 years, 22.1% between 18 and 34 years, 37.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 16% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.3% were men and 53.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.03%
Uninsured
48.4%
Employer Coverage
16.5%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
1.6%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, AL declined by 0.978% from 9.12% to 9.03%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 84.2 in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.2% in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 10.7% in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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