Madison, SD

Census Place

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2022 Population
6,271
1.83% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
US Representative
Dusty Johnson
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.5
3.59% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
14.8%
18.1% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$62,756
7.16% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$157,200
9.85% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
3,205
4.75% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Madison, SD had a population of 6.27k people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $62,756. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Madison, SD declined from 6,388 to 6,271, a −1.83% decrease and its median household income grew from $58,564 to $62,756, a 7.16% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Madison, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.71%), White (Hispanic) (2.5%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (2.03%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.446%).

None of the households in Madison, SD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.9% of the residents in Madison, SD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison, SD are Dakota State University (583 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Madison, SD was $157,200, and the homeownership rate was 58.3%.

Most people in Madison, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 11.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison, SD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Madison, SD is home to a population of 6.27k people, from which 99.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 0.574% of Madison, SD residents were born outside of the country (36 people).

In 2022, there were 33.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.76k people) in Madison, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 170 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 157 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.9%
2022 Citizenship
99.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.9% of Madison, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Madison, SD was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Madison, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    5.76k ± 113
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    170 ± 120
  3. White (Hispanic)
    157 ± 75
2.95%
Hispanic Population
185 people

In 2022, there were 33.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.76k people) in Madison, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 170 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 157 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.95% of the people in Madison, SD are hispanic (185 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Madison, SD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,032 ± 1,350 people
  2. Guatemala
    2,803 ± 1,298 people
  3. Ethiopia
    2,418 ± 1,206 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,032 South Dakota residents, followed by Guatemala with 2,803 and Ethiopia with 2,418.

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Foreign-Born Population

0.574%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
36 people
1.11%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
71 people

As of 2022, 0.574% of Madison, SD residents (36 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison, SD was 1.11%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    122 ± 84
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    50 ± 47
  3. Korea
    32 ± 39

Madison, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Madison, SD employs 3.21k people. The largest industries in Madison, SD are Educational Services (491 people), Retail Trade (482 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (450 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($115,417), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($115,368), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($91,429).

Males in South Dakota have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,552. The income inequality in South Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

3.21k
2022 Value
± 402
−4.75%
1 Year decline
± 18.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison, SD declined at a rate of −4.75%, from 3.37k employees to 3.21k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison, SD, are Sales & Related Occupations (379 people), Management Occupations (367 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (331 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison, SD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

3.21k
2022 Value
± 402
−4.75%
1 Year decline
± 18.8%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Madison, SD declined at a rate of −4.75%, from 3.37k employees to 3.21k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison, SD, are Educational Services (491 people), Retail Trade (482 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (450 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison, SD, though some of these residents may live in Madison, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,151
Median earning men ± $5,808
$33,121
Median earning women ± $3,867

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($107,171), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($47,902), and Construction ($37,188).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($39,750), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($36,250), and Manufacturing ($33,938).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Y-Axis
2.37%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 450k people employed in South Dakota. This represents a 2.37% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.96%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in South Dakota went to Donald J. Trump with 61.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (35.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.63%).

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Madison, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Madison, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Madison, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Madison, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Madison, SD awarded 583 degrees. The student population of Madison, SD in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 2,085 male students and 1,156 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison, SD are White (480 and 84.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (29 and 5.11%), Asian (17 and 2.99%), and Black or African American (17 and 2.99%).

The largest universities in Madison, SD by number of degrees awarded are Dakota State University (583 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Madison, SD are Computer & Information Systems Security (126 and 21.6%), General Computer & Information Sciences (104 and 17.8%), and Information Science (52 and 8.92%).

The median tuition cost in Madison, SD for a public four year colleges is $7,616 for in-state students and $10,718 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Madison, SD, the percentage of applicants admitted was 78.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 53.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,241 (64.3% men and 35.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,241 students enrolled in Madison, SD, 64.3% men and 35.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,493 records, of which 37.6% were women and 62.4% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison, SD was General Computer & Information Sciences with 55 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
583 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Dakota State University with 583 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 394 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison, SD, which is 2.08 times more than the 189 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 480 degrees mean that there were 16.6 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 29 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,616) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,017) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Measure

In 2022, 0.574% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.482% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (206k), Some college (148k), and Bachelors Degree (133k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison, SD was $157,200 in 2022, which is 0.558 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $143,100 to $157,200, a 9.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison, SD is 58.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Madison, SD have an average commute time of 11.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Madison, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$157,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$15,662
$1,419
Median Property Taxes
±$263

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Madison, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

58.3%
Homeownership
2022
60.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 58.3% of the housing units in Madison, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 57%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Madison, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

The following map shows all of the places in Madison, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,756
Median Household Income
± $7,526
2.44k
Number of Households
± 354

In 2022, the median household income of the 2.44k households in Madison, SD grew to $62,756 from the previous year's value of $58,564.

The following chart displays the households in Madison, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison, SD is from South Dakota.
0.438
2022 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2022, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.26% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.6%)
  2. Carpooled (5.75%)
  3. Walked (4.88%)

In 2022, 82.6% of workers in Madison, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (5.75%) and those who walked to work (4.88%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

11.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison, SD have a shorter commute time (11.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.525% of the workforce in Madison, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison, SD have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison, SD (854 out of 5.78k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 5.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison, SD is White, followed by Two Or More and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95% of the population of Madison, SD has health coverage, with 45.1% on employee plans, 17.4% on Medicaid, 17.6% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 2.33% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Lake County, SD see 1422 patients per year on average, which represents a 2% decrease from the previous year (1451 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2498 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 780 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Lake County, SD.
1,422 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Lake County, SD

Primary care physicians in Lake County, SD see an average of 1,422 patients per year. This represents a 2% decrease from the previous year (1,451 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lake County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.8% under 18 years, 25.6% between 18 and 34 years, 31.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 51.5% were men and 48.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.99%
Uninsured
45.1%
Employer Coverage
17.4%
Medicaid
17.6%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
2.33%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison, SD declined by 12.4% from 5.7% to 4.99%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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