NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
97,603
20.3% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.4
1.67% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
33.3%
3.06% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$36,871
8.38% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$616,700
17.4% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY had a population of 97.6k people with a median age of 35.4 and a median household income of $36,871. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY declined from 122,428 to 97,603, a −20.3% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,020 to $36,871, a 8.38% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (65.8%), Other (Hispanic) (10.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.27%), White (Non-Hispanic) (4.81%), and Black or African American (Hispanic) (4.37%).

24.2% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.6% of the residents in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was $616,700, and the homeownership rate was 16.4%.

Most people in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY used public transit to get to work, and the average commute time was 46.8 minutes. The average car ownership in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was 0 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY is home to a population of 97.6k people, from which 88.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 27.8% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (27.2k people).

In 2022, there were 6.52 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (64.2k people) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.84k Other (Hispanic) and 5.14k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY are Spanish (15,413 households), Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa (1,347 households), and Haitian (1,197 households).

Citizenship

88.6%
2022 Citizenship
88.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.6% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was 88.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    64.2k ± 2.97k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    9.84k ± 2.04k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    5.14k ± 981
23.9%
Hispanic Population
23.3k people

In 2022, there were 6.52 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (64.2k people) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.84k Other (Hispanic) and 5.14k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

23.9% of the people in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY are hispanic (23.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

27.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
27.2k people
29.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
36.4k people

As of 2022, 27.8% of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY residents (27.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was 29.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    15,413 households (17%)
  2. Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa
    1,347 households (1.49%)
  3. Haitian
    1,197 households (1.32%)

24.2% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was Spanish. 17% of the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    690 ± 314
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    213 ± 128
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    202 ± 97

NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY employs 38.8k people. The largest industries in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY are Home health care services (2,806 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,772 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,294 people), and the highest paying industries are Architectural, engineering & related services ($94,954), Executive offices & legislative bodies ($92,768), and Computer Systems Design ($92,413).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
24,105
Women
58.9%
16,810
Men
41.1%

The workforce of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY in 2020 was 40,915 people, with 58.9% woman, and 41.1% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

38.8k
2022 Value
−10.5%
1 Year decline
± −10.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY declined at a rate of −10.5%, from 43.3k employees to 38.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY, are Home health aides (2,505 people), Security guards & gaming surveillance officers (1,609 people), and Janitors & building cleaners (1,472 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

38.8k
2022 Value
−10.5%
1 Year decline
± −10.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY declined at a rate of −10.5%, from 43.3k employees to 38.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY, are Home health care services (2,806 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,772 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,294 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,272
Median earning men ± $2,633
$35,561
Median earning women ± $2,489

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($79,125), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($56,243), and Information ($54,018).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($68,491), Construction ($57,015), and Public Administration ($56,888).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
2.74%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.56M people employed in New York. This represents a 2.74% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 19.7%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.24% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.65% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (31.5k), Secondary Education (16.3k), and Some college (15.9k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was $616,700 in 2022, which is 2.19 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $525,500 to $616,700, a 17.4% increase. The homeownership rate in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY is 16.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 46.8 minutes, and they used public transit to get to work. Car ownership in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 0 cars per household.

Median household income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY is $36,871. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

Property

$616,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$61,909
$6,170
Median Property Taxes
±$654

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

16.4%
Homeownership
2022
64.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 16.4% of the housing units in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 17.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$36,871
Median Household Income
± $3,214
37.5k
Number of Households
± 1,868

In 2022, the median household income of the 37.5k households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY grew to $36,871 from the previous year's value of $34,020.

The following chart displays the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.402
2022 Wage GINI in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY
0.381
2021 Wage GINI in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY

In 2022, the income inequality in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was 0.402 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.52% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Public Transit (66.3%)
  2. Drove Alone (16%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.08%)

In 2022, 66.3% of workers in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY used public transit to get to work, followed by those who drove alone to work (16%) and those who worked at home (6.08%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

46.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY have a longer commute time (46.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 10.9% of the workforce in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

0 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY have 0 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

33.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY (32.3k out of 97.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY is Black, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

93.4% of the population of NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 31.2% on employee plans, 47.1% on Medicaid, 6.62% on Medicare, 8.02% on non-group plans, and 0.418% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New York see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1192 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 308 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,180 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 25.9% between 18 and 34 years, 37.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 43.1% were men and 56.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.63%
Uninsured
31.2%
Employer Coverage
47.1%
Medicaid
6.62%
Medicare
8.02%
Non-Group
0.418%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY grew by 4.03% from 6.37% to 6.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in NYC-Brooklyn Community District 16--Ocean Hill & Brownsville PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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