Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
128,641
26.9% 1-year growth
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
42.2
0.957% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15.5%
7.33% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$63,666
3.67% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$205,600
16.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
49,273
28.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM had a population of 129k people with a median age of 42.2 and a median household income of $63,666. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM grew from 101,373 to 128,641, a 26.9% increase and its median household income grew from $61,413 to $63,666, a 3.67% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (41.6%), White (Hispanic) (25%), Two+ (Hispanic) (14.1%), Other (Hispanic) (9.16%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (4.06%).

24.3% of the households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.3% of the residents in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus (148 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was $205,600, and the homeownership rate was 85.6%.

Most people in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM is home to a population of 129k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.21% of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the country (8k people).

In 2022, there were 1.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.6k people) in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 32.1k White (Hispanic) and 18.1k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are Spanish (25,460 households), Other Native Languages of North America (2,330 households), and German (394 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
65,469
Women
49.2%
67,476
Men
50.8%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 132,945 inhabitants, with 50.8% men, and 49.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

96.3%
2022 Citizenship
96.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.3% of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    53.6k ± 1.39k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    32.1k ± 1.89k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    18.1k ± 1.76k
49.5%
Hispanic Population
63.6k people

In 2022, there were 1.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.6k people) in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 32.1k White (Hispanic) and 18.1k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

49.5% of the people in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are hispanic (63.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    5,588 ± 1,796 people
  2. Philippines
    330 ± 445 people
  3. Germany
    325 ± 442 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 5,588 Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM residents, followed by Philippines with 330 and Germany with 325.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.21%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
8k people
6.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.39k people

As of 2022, 6.21% of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM residents (8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was 6.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    25,460 households (20.8%)
  2. Other Native Languages of North America
    2,330 households (1.91%)
  3. German
    394 households (0.322%)

24.3% of the households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was Spanish. 20.8% of the households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,759 ± 507
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,503 ± 449
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,581 ± 343

Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.9 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM employs 49.3k people. The largest industries in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are Elementary & secondary schools (3,533 people), Construction (3,098 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,607 people), and the highest paying industries are Business support services ($162,918), Scientific research & development services ($129,454), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($116,140).

Males in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,150. The income inequality in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
18,206
Women
46.9%
20,595
Men
53.1%

The workforce of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM in 2020 was 38,801 people, with 46.9% woman, and 53.1% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

49.3k
2022 Value
28.1%
1 Year growth
± 28.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 28.1%, from 38.5k employees to 49.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM, are Registered nurses (1,640 people), Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (1,327 people), and Cooks (1,252 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

49.3k
2022 Value
28.1%
1 Year growth
± 28.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 28.1%, from 38.5k employees to 49.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,533 people), Construction (3,098 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,607 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM, though some of these residents may live in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,491
Median earning men ± $2,376
$36,310
Median earning women ± $3,558

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($74,523), Wholesale Trade ($67,500), and Information ($59,342).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($55,649), Public Administration ($55,468), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($50,506).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
2.72%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 860k people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.72% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM awarded 148 degrees. The student population of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 764 male students and 1,189 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are Hispanic or Latino (96 and 64.9%), followed by White (39 and 26.4%), Two or More Races (4 and 2.7%), and Asian (3 and 2.03%).

The largest universities in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM by number of degrees awarded are University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus (148 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM are Liberal Arts & Sciences (28 and 18.9%), Physical Sciences (21 and 14.2%), and Phlebotamy Technician (20 and 13.5%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,953 students enrolled in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM, 39.1% men and 60.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 1,243 records, of which 61.4% were women and 38.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 28 degrees awarded
  2. 21 degrees awarded
  3. 14 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 28 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
148 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of New Mexico-Valencia County Campus with 148 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 34 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM, which is 0.298 times less than the 114 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 96 degrees mean that there were 2.46 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 39 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,788) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($90) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,194) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.748% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.13% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (32.1k), Some college (24.5k), and Secondary Education (16.3k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was $205,600 in 2022, which is 0.729 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $176,400 to $205,600, a 16.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM is 85.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM have an average commute time of 31.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM is $63,666. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

Property

$205,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,783
$40,188
Median Property Taxes
±$1,615

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

85.6%
Homeownership
2022
70.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 85.6% of the housing units in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 84.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,666
Median Household Income
± $3,338
46.9k
Number of Households
± 1,782

In 2022, the median household income of the 46.9k households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM grew to $63,666 from the previous year's value of $61,413.

The following chart displays the households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.479
2022 Wage GINI in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM
0.49
2021 Wage GINI in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM

In 2022, the income inequality in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.17% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.5%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.98%)
  3. Carpooled (8.47%)

In 2022, 78.5% of workers in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.98%) and those who carpooled to work (8.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM have a longer commute time (31.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.03% of the workforce in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM (19.6k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.4% of the population of Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM has health coverage, with 34.8% on employee plans, 25.8% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 2.97% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1336 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1449 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 238 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,316 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1,336 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.2% under 18 years, 17.6% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.62%
Uninsured
34.8%
Employer Coverage
25.8%
Medicaid
14%
Medicare
14.8%
Non-Group
2.97%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM grew by 6.12% from 7.18% to 7.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Valencia County, Torrance County & East Mountain PUMA, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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