Welch, WV

Census Place

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2020 Population
2,857
3.67% 1-year decline
US Senator
Joe Manchin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Shelley Moore Capito
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
43.9
5.28% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
32.2%
35.7% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$25,227
33.3% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$55,600
1.28% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
467
17.5% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Welch, WV had a population of 2.86k people with a median age of 43.9 and a median household income of $25,227. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Welch, WV declined from 2,966 to 2,857, a −3.67% decrease and its median household income declined from $37,841 to $25,227, a −33.3% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Welch, WV are White (Non-Hispanic) (65.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (25.4%), White (Hispanic) (3.43%), Other (Hispanic) (3.01%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.59%).

None of the households in Welch, WV reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.4% of the residents in Welch, WV are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Welch, WV was $55,600, and the homeownership rate was 71.2%. Most people in Welch, WV drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 15.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Welch, WV was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Welch, WV is home to a population of 2.86k people, from which 95.4% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.59% of Welch, WV residents were born outside of the country (131 people).

In 2020, there were 2.56 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.86k people) in Welch, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 727 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 98 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Welch, WV
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    1.86k ± 408
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    727 ± 315
  3. White (Hispanic)
    98 ± 63
6.44%
Hispanic Population
184 people

In 2020, there were 2.56 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.86k people) in Welch, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 727 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 98 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.44% of the people in Welch, WV are hispanic (184 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Welch, WV as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.59%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
131 people
4.89%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
145 people

As of 2020, 4.59% of Welch, WV residents (131 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Welch, WV was 4.89%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Welch, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 5.1
44
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 7.8

In 2020, the median age of all people in Welch, WV was 43.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Welch, WV are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Welch, WV residents was 42.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    2,485 ± 1,223 people
  2. Philippines
    2,301 ± 1,177 people
  3. China
    2,228 ± 1,158 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was India, the natal country of 2,485 West Virginia residents, followed by Philippines with 2,301 and China with 2,228.

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Citizenship

95.4%
2020 Citizenship
95.1%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 95.4% of Welch, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Welch, WV was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Welch, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    91 ± 53
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    33 ± 27
  3. Korea
    8 ± 17

Welch, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.76 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for West Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in West Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in West Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in West Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in West Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of West Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Males in West Virginia have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,089. The income inequality in West Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Welch, WV employs 467 people. The largest industries in Welch, WV are Public Administration (74 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73 people), and Educational Services (72 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($62,857), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,857), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,542).

Wages

Median Household Income

$25,227
2020 value
± $11,526
−33.3%
1 Year Growth
± 69.9%

Households in Welch, WV have a median annual income of $25,227, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,841 in 2019, which represents a −33.3% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Welch, WV compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.
$59,317
Average Male Salary in West Virginia
± $2,250
$43,089
Average Female Salary in West Virginia
± $1,699

In 2020, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in West Virginia
  1. Asian
    $68,837 ± $25,490
  2. White
    $45,451 ± $1,344
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $42,271 ± $5,747

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.51 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in West Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Welch, WV is from West Virginia.
0.441
2020 Wage GINI in West Virginia
0.444
2019 Wage GINI in West Virginia

In 2020, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.729% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Census Tract 9545.03
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

The following map shows all of the places in Welch, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 65 - 74
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Welch, WV (510 out of 1.58k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 65 - 74, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    484 ± 150
  2. Black
    26 ± 64
  3. Hispanic
    23 ± 69

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Welch, WV is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

467
2020 Value
± 135
−17.5%
1 Year decline
± 46.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Welch, WV declined at a rate of −17.5%, from 566 employees to 467 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Welch, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (147 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (81 people), and Management Occupations (60 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Welch, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Welch, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (147 people), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (81 people), and Management Occupations (60 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Welch, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2.83 times higher than expected), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2.78 times), and Legal Occupations (2.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Welch, WV, by median earnings, are Management, Business, Science, & Arts Occupations ($39,146), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($38,906), and Health Technologists & Technicians ($38,906).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

467
2020 Value
± 135
−17.5%
1 Year decline
± 46.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Welch, WV declined at a rate of −17.5%, from 566 employees to 467 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Welch, WV, are Public Administration (74 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73 people), and Educational Services (72 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Welch, WV, though some of these residents may live in Welch, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Welch, WV, by number of employees, are Public Administration (74 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73 people), and Educational Services (72 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Welch, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (5.82 times higher than expected), Public Administration (3.4 times), and Information (2.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Welch, WV, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($62,857), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($62,857), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,542).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $8.42B
  2. $6.05B
  3. $5.79B

In 2020, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $8.42B, followed by Coal ($6.05B) and Plastics/rubber ($5.79B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia.
$65.6B
2020 Value in West Virginia
$114B
Projected 2050 Value in West Virginia
74.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound West Virginia trade was $65.6B. This is expected to increase 74.3% to $114B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $9.85B
  2. $5.83B
  3. $3.98B

In 2020, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $9.85B, followed by Pennsylvania with $5.83B and Virginia and $3.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in West Virginia went to Donald J. Trump with 68.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (29.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.34%). The most partisan county was Grant County, WV with 88.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Joe Manchin and Shelley Moore Capito are the senators currently representing the state of West Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

West Virginia is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of West Virginia.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for West Virginia
68.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in West Virginia
  1. 88.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 85.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 85.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in West Virginia was Grant County, WV with 88.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in West Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from West Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.
Joe Manchin
Senator from West Virginia1
Assumed office on November 15, 2010
Elected to the seat to succeed Carte Goodwin, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Robert Byrd.
Shelley Moore Capito
Senator from West Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Joe Manchin and Shelley Moore Capito are the senators currently representing West Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in West Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from West Virginia

West Virginia is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for West Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Welch, WV was $55,600 in 2020, which is 0.242 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $54,900 to $55,600, a 1.28% increase. The homeownership rate in Welch, WV is 71.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Welch, WV have an average commute time of 15.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Welch, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$55,600
2020 Median
± $11,161
$54,900
2019 Median
± $10,676

In 2020, the median property value in Welch, WV grew to to $55,600 from the previous year's value of $54,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Welch, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Welch, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $80k - $90k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$25,227
Median Household Income
± $11,526
864
Number of Households
± 184

In 2020, the median household income of the 864 households in Welch, WV declined from $25,227 from the previous year's value of $37,841.

The following chart displays the households in Welch, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Welch, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Welch, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.2%
2020 Homeownership
75.5%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 71.2% of the housing units in Welch, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Welch, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

15.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Welch, WV have a shorter commute time (15.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 0% of the workforce in Welch, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Welch, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (88.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.71%)
  3. Public Transit (1.58%)

In 2020, 88.7% of workers in Welch, WV drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.71%) and those who used public transit to get to work (1.58%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Welch, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Welch, WV have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

97.7% of the population of Welch, WV has health coverage, with 26.5% on employee plans, 24.5% on Medicaid, 31.1% on Medicare, 8.34% on non-group plans, and 7.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in West Virginia was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in McDowell County, WV see 3645 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.25% decrease from the previous year (3691 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4406 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2937 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mingo County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.1%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for McDowell County, WV.
3,645 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in McDowell County, WV

Primary care physicians in McDowell County, WV see an average of 3,645 patients per year. This represents a 1.25% decrease from the previous year (3,691 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in McDowell County, WV in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.
$9,462
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in West Virginia
$3,917
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,557
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,268
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

2.34%
Uninsured
26.5%
Employer Coverage
24.5%
Medicaid
31.1%
Medicare
8.34%
Non-Group
7.26%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Welch, WV declined by 7.62% from 2.53% to 2.34%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Welch, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.1% prevalence
  2. 20.9% prevalence
  3. 20.9% prevalence

Mingo County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 22.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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